An analysis of JIT from the Perspective of Environmental Sustainability




Just In Time, Transporte, Meio Ambiente, Sustentabilidade, Logística, Custos.


Purpose – The fundamental concept behind Just in Time (JIT) is to provide the right product at the right time and in the required quantity, reducing inventories in warehouses and in manufacturing processes. On the other hand, it requires increased usage of transport vehicles, which may negatively affect the organization's environmental sustainability indicators. In order to contribute to discussions on the subject, this study aims to identify, systematize and analyze the available literature on the intersection of JIT and Environmental Sustainability topics.

Design/methodology/approach A structured literature review was performed through research in the Scopus and Web of Science databases. Fifty-three papers published in journals or at congresses were identified and analyzed.

Findings  The selected papers were categorized in five dimensions: environmental aspects, operational costs, operational performance, research method and location/region of the study. A lack of consensus was identified on whether or not logistics operations favor sustainable practices that used the JIT system.

Originality/value To build on the analysis and discussions on the JIT and Environmental Sustainability and support future research on the subject, the study has classified 53 selected papers based on their purposes in five different dimensions. Given that organizations need to become increasingly sustainable, a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) matrix has been prepared in addition.

Keywords - Just In Time, Transport, Environment; Sustainability; Logistics.



ARJONA AROCA, Jordi et al. Enabling a green just-in-time navigation through stakeholder collaboration. European Transport Research Review, v. 12, p. 1-11, 2020. DOI:

AVETISYAN, Misak; HERTEL, Thomas. Impacts of trade facilitation on modal choice and international trade flows. Economics of Transportation, v. 28, p. 100236, 2021. DOI:

BAE, Ki-Hwan G.; EVANS, Lee A.; SUMMERS, Alan. Lean design and analysis of a milk-run delivery system: case study. In: 2016 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC). IEEE, 2016. p. 2855-2866. DOI:

BHUSIRI, Narath; QURESHI, Ali Gul; TANIGUCHI, Eiichi. Application of the Just-In-Time Concept in Urban Freight Transport. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, v. 125, p. 171-185, 2014. DOI:

BREITENBACH, Fernanda A.; FERREIRA, Joao CE. Application of Lean Manufacturing Concepts and Value Stream Mapping to a Company that Manufactures Engineering To Order Road Transportation Products. Flexible Automation and inteligente manufacturing - FAIM, 2014. DOI:

CHEN, Chi-Kuang; PALMA, Fernando; REYES, Lidia. Reducing global supply chains’ waste of overproduction by using lean principles. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, 2019. DOI:

CLARK, Don P. Distance, production, and trade. The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, v. 16, n. 3, p. 359-371, 2007. DOI:

CLAYCOMB, Cindy; GERMAIN, Richard; DRÖGE, Cornelia. Total system JIT outcomes: inventory, organization and financial effects. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 1999. DOI:

DAUGHERTY, Patricia J.; SPENCER, Michael S. Just‐in‐Time Concepts: Applicability to Logistics/Transportation. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 1990. DOI:

DE CAMARGO FIORINI, Paula; JABBOUR, Charbel José Chiappetta. Information systems and sustainable supply chain management towards a more sustainable society: Where we are and where we are going. International Journal of Information Management, v. 37, n. 4, p. 241-249, 2017. DOI:

DE CARVALHO, Edra Resende et al. The current context of Lean and Six Sigma Logistics applications in literature: A Systematic Review. Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management, v. 14, n. 4, p. 586-602, 2017. DOI:

DENNIS, Pascal. Produção lean simplificada. Bookman Editora, 2009.

FALLAS-VALVERDE, Paula; J QUESADA, Henry; MADRIGAL-SÁNCHEZ, Johanna. Implementation of lean thinking principals to logistic activities: a case study in a wood forest industry. Revista Tecnología en Marcha, v. 31, n. 3, p. 52-65, 2018. DOI:

FANDEL, Günter; REESE, Joachim. Just-in-time logistics of a supplier in the car manufacturing industry. International Journal of Production Economics, v. 24, n. 1-2, p. 55-64, 1991. DOI:

FENG, Chun-Hua; SONG, Xue-Feng. A Cost Decision Model for Choosing JIT Purchasing or EOQ Purchasing. In: 2008 4th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing. IEEE, 2008. p. 1-5. DOI:

GARZA-REYES, Jose Arturo et al. Improving road transport operations using lean thinking. Procedia Manufacturing, v. 11, p. 1900-1907, 2017. DOI:

GHASIMI, Salah A.; GHODSI, Reza. Improvement and Solving Three New Supply Chain Inventory Control Models for Perishable Items Using Just-in-Time Logistic. In: 2009 11th International Conference on Computer Modelling and Simulation. IEEE, 2009. p. 279-286. DOI:

GHASIMI, Salah Alden; RAMLI, Rizauddin; SAIBANI, Nizaroyani. Modeling of Supply Chain for Defective Goods Using Jit-Logistics. Jurnal Teknologi, v. 59, n. 2, 2012. DOI:

HILL, Arthur V.; VOLLMANN, Thomas E. Reducing vendor delivery uncertainties in a JIT environment. Journal of Operations Management, v. 6, n. 3-4, p. 381-392, 1986. DOI:

HOLL, Adelheid; PARDO, Rafael; RAMA, Ruth. Spatial patterns of adoption of just‐in‐time manufacturing. Papers in Regional Science, v. 92, n. 1, p. 51-67, 2013. DOI:

HUNG, Kuo-Ting; RO, Young K.; LIKER, Jeffrey K. Further motivation for continuous improvement in just-in-time logistics. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, v. 56, n. 4, p. 571-583, 2009. DOI:

KAISER, Joscha; ZIMMERMANN, Sarah; METTERNICH, Joachim. Logistic decisions in value stream design: a case study. Procedia CIRP, v. 93, p. 640-645, 2020. DOI:

KANG, Yuncheol; LEE, Seokgi; DO CHUNG, Byung. Learning-based logistics planning and scheduling for crowdsourced parcel delivery. Computers & Industrial Engineering, v. 132, p. 271-279, 2019. DOI:

KARAKOSTAS, Panagiotis; SIFALERAS, Angelo; GEORGIADIS, Michael C. Adaptive variable neighborhood search solution methods for the fleet size and mix pollution location-inventory-routing problem. Expert Systems with Applications, v. 153, p. 113444, 2020. DOI:

KARAM, Ahmed; HEGNER REINAU, Kristian. Evaluating the Effects of the A-Double Vehicle Combinations If Introduced to a Line-Haul Freight Transport Network. Sustainability, v. 13, n. 15, p. 8622, 2021. DOI:

KIM, Seung-Lae; HA, Daesung. A JIT lot-splitting model for supply chain management: Enhancing buyer–supplier linkage. International Journal of Production Economics, v. 86, n. 1, p. 1-10, 2003. DOI:

KONG, Liulin et al. Sustainable performance of just-in-time (JIT) management in time-dependent batch delivery scheduling of precast construction. Journal of cleaner Production, v. 193, p. 684-701, 2018. DOI:

KRENG, Victor B.; WANG, I. C. Economical delivery strategies of products in a JIT system under a global supply chain. The international journal of advanced manufacturing technology, v. 26, n. 11-12, p. 1421-1428, 2005. DOI:

LEE, Junho et al. SWOT-AHP analysis of the Korean satellite and space industry: Strategy recommendations for development. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, v. 164, p. 120515, 2021. DOI:

LEUVEANO, Raden Achmad Chairdino et al. Integrated Vendor–Buyer Lot-Sizing Model with Transportation and Quality Improvement Consideration under Just-in-Time Problem. Mathematics, v. 7, n. 10, p. 944, 2019. DOI:

LIKER, J. K. O modelo Toyota: 14 princípios de gestão do maior fabricante do mundo. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2005.

LIKER, J. K.; MEIER, D. The Toyota Way Fieldbook, 2006. (ISBN: 0-07-144893-4).

LUKINSKIY, Valery et al. Application of the logistics “just in time” concept to improve the road safety. Transportation research procedia, v. 20, p. 418-424, 2017. DOI:

LUKINSKIY, Valery; LUKINSKIY, Vladislav; MERKURYEV, Yuri. Modelling of transport operations in supply chains in obedience to “just-in-time” conception. Transport, v. 33, n. 5, p. 1162-1172, 2018. DOI:

MAHMOUDI, Beytola; HAGHSETAN, Amin; MALEKI, Raheleh. Investigation of obstacles and strategies of rural tourism development using SWOT Matrix. Journal of Sustainable Development, v. 4, n. 2, p. 136, 2011. DOI:

MARCILIO, Geísa Pereira et al. Analysis of greenhouse gas emissions in the road freight transportation using simulation. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 170, p. 298-309, 2018. DOI:

MCKINNON, Alan C. Freight transport deceleration: Its possible contribution to the decarbonisation of logistics. Transport Reviews, v. 36, n. 4, p. 418-436, 2016. DOI:

MENA, Rafael Maciel; DOS SANTOS, Milana Lima; SAIDEL, Marco Antonio. SWOT Matrix and Strategies for Battery Electric Vehicles Adoption in Brazil. Journal of Control, Automation and Electrical Systems, v. 33, n. 2, p. 448-458, 2022. DOI:

MERZOUK, Salah Eddine; GRUNDER, Olivier; EL BAGDOURI, Mohammed. Optimization of holding and transportation costs in a simple linear supply chain. In: 2006 International Conference on Service Systems and Service Management. IEEE, 2006. p. 583-588. DOI:

MILEWSKI, Dariusz. Managerial and Economical Aspects of the Just-In-Time System “Lean Management in the Time of Pandemic”. Sustainability, v. 14, n. 3, p. 1204, 2022. DOI:

MOGLIA, Magnus; HOPKINS, John; BARDOEL, Anne. Telework, hybrid work and the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals: towards policy coherence. Sustainability, v. 13, n. 16, p. 9222, 2021. DOI:

NAVARRO, Priscilla. Applying quality concepts to achieve environmental sustainability in the freight transport sector–reviewing process management and lean. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, 2021. DOI:

NIE, Lanshun; XU, Xiaofei; ZHAN, Dechen. Incorporating transportation costs into JIT lot splitting decisions for coordinated supply chains. Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Systems, v. 5, n. 01, p. 111-121, 2006. DOI:

OCCENA, Luis G.; YOKOTA, Toshiya. Analysis of the AGV loading capacity in a JIT environment. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, v. 12, n. 1, p. 24-35, 1993. DOI:

OHNO, T. O Sistema Toyota de Produção: Além da produção em larga escala. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 1997.

PAES, Luis Alberto Bertolucci et al. Organic solid waste management in a circular economy perspective–A systematic review and SWOT analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 239, p. 118086, 2019. DOI:

PENG, Yunfang et al. Scheduling just-in-time transport vehicles to feed parts for mixed model assembly lines. Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society, v. 2020, 2020. DOI:

RODRIGUEZ, Carol et al. Improvement in Delivery Times of a Logistic Operator. In: 2018 Congreso Internacional de Innovación y Tendencias en Ingeniería (CONIITI). IEEE, 2018. p. 1-6. DOI:

ROY, R. N.; GUIN, K. K. A proposed model of JIT purchasing in an integrated steel plant. International journal of production economics, v. 59, n. 1-3, p. 179-187, 1999. DOI:

SCHWERDFEGER, Stefan; BOYSEN, Nils; BRISKORN, Dirk. Just-in-time logistics for far-distant suppliers: scheduling truck departures from an intermediate cross-docking terminal. Or Spectrum, v. 40, n. 1, p. 1-21, 2018. DOI:

SHINGO, S. O sistema Toyota de produção do ponto de vista da engenharia industrial. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 1996.

SPEAR, S.; BOWEN, H. K. Decoding the DNA of the Toyota production system. Harvard Business Review, v. 77, p. 96-108, 1999.

TSENG, Shih-Hsien et al. Considering JIT in assigning task for return vehicle in green supply chain. Sustainability, v. 11, n. 22, p. 6464, 2019. DOI:

STORHAGEN, Nils G.; HELLBERG, Roland. Just-in-time from a business logistics perspective. Engineering Costs and Production Economics, v. 12, n. 1-4, p. 117-121, 1987. DOI:

SWENSETH, Scott R.; BUFFA, Frank P. Just‐in‐time: some effects on the logistics function. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 1990. DOI:

UGARTE, Gustavo M.; GOLDEN, Jay S.; DOOLEY, Kevin J. Lean versus green: The impact of lean logistics on greenhouse gas emissions in consumer goods supply chains. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, v. 22, n. 2, p. 98-109, 2016. DOI:

WANG, I.-Chiang. The application of third party logistics to implement the Just-In-Time system with minimum cost under a global environment. Expert Systems with Applications, v. 37, n. 3, p. 2117-2123, 2010. DOI:

WANG, Jun et al. A Study of Inbound Logistics Mode Based on JIT Production in Cruise Ship Construction. Sustainability, v. 13, n. 3, p. 1588, 2021. DOI:

WANG, Shijin; YE, Benyan. A comparison between just-in-time and economic order quantity models with carbon emissions. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 187, p. 662-671, 2018. DOI:

WANG, Wei; FUNG, Richard YK; CHAI, Yueting. Approach of just-in-time distribution requirements planning for supply chain management. International journal of production economics, v. 91, n. 2, p. 101-107, 2004. DOI:

WAGNER, Stephan M.; SILVEIRA-CAMARGOS, Victor. Decision model for the application of just-in-sequence. International Journal of Production Research, v. 49, n. 19, p. 5713-5736, 2011. DOI:

WOMACK, J. P.; JONES, D. T. A mentalidade enxuta nas empresas Lean Thinking: elimine o desperdício e crie riqueza. Rio de Janeiro: Elsevier Editora, 2004.

WOMACK, J. P.; JONES, D. T.; ROOS, D. Machine that changed the world. Simon and Schuster. New York: 1990.

WU, Yen Chun. Lean manufacturing: a perspective of lean suppliers. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 2003. DOI:

YAMAMOTO, Kat; MILSTEAD, Mallory; LIOYD, Robert. A review of the development of lean manufacturing and related lean practices: The case of Toyota Production System and managerial thinking. International Management Review, v. 15, n. 2, p. 21-90, 2019.

YANG, Jie et al. Achieving a just–in–time supply chain: The role of supply chain intelligence. International Journal of Production Economics, v. 231, p. 107878, 2021. DOI:

ZHIWEN, Zhang et al. Supply Chain Logistics Information Quality Evaluation From Just-in-Time Perspective. IEEE Access, v. 8, p. 105728-105743, 2020. DOI:

ZHOU, Longfei; ZHANG, Lin; REN, Lei. Modelling and simulation of logistics service selection in cloud manufacturing. Procedia CIRP, v. 72, p. 916-921, 2018. DOI:




Como Citar

Melo, J. C., Bezerra, B. S., & de Souza, F. B. (2022). An analysis of JIT from the Perspective of Environmental Sustainability. Revista Gestão Da Produção Operações E Sistemas, 17(2), 111.




Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)