Study of the entrepreneurial profile of production engineering students from a Federal University in Brazil

Lillian Do Nascimento Gambi, Evandro Galvão Tavares Menezes

Resumo


With the increasing importance of entrepreneurship for the economic and social development of the country, it is essential that higher education institutions are aware of their role in the training of its students. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the entrepreneur profile of Production Engineering students in a Higher Education Institution located in Southeast region in Brazil, to compare the data with the results provided in the report “Entrepreneurship in Brazilian Universities” developed by Endeavor Brazil and Sebrae, and to contribute to developing strategies to foster entrepreneurship in the institution and in the region where the HEI is located. Therefore, it was performed a case study encompassing 43 students in the eighth semester of the Production Engineering course. The results show that it is necessary to improve the activities related to entrepreneurship, providing theoretical background and practical activities as well to stimulate students’ creativity and willingness to become entrepreneurs. The results also show a lack of innovative mindset in the undergraduate students, reinforcing the need of developing initiatives that foster the students to thinking in an innovative way as the development of policies to approach HEIs and the private sector allowing the development of creative solutions better aligned to the market’s demands. This study only covered students from the eighth semester of the Production Engineering Course and from one single HEI, so the results cannot be generalized. Future research should use different methods such as survey research to extend the sample beyond the HEI studied, and longitudinal case studies to develop a better understanding of the findings described in this study.

Palavras-chave


Entrepreneurship; Higher Education Institution; Production Engineering; Innovation.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


ACS, Z.J., ARMINGTON, C. Employment, growth and entrepreneurial activity in cities. Regional Studies, v. 38, n. 8, p. 911-927, 2004.

ADEKIYA, A., F. IBRAHIM. Entrepreneurship Intention among Students. The antecedent Role of Culture and Entrepreneurship Training and Development. The International Journal of Management Education, v. 14, n. 2, p. 116–132, 2016.

ALVES, A. C., FISHER, B. SCHAEFFER, P. R, QUEIROZ, S. Determinants of student entrepreneurship – An assessment on higher education institutions in Brazil. Innovation & Management Review, v. 16, n. 2, p. 96-117, 2019.

ARAÚJO, R. G. B. D., DA COSTA, M. V. A. JOSEPH, T. L. G. Developing professional and entrepreneurship skills of engineering students through Problem-based Learning: a case study in Brazil. International Journal of Engineering Education. v. 36, n.1, p. 155-169, 2020.

ARTHMAR, R., SALLES, A.O.T. Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Brazil: Recent Trends, Problemy Zarzadzania, v. 15, n.70, p. 115-127, 2017.

BLOCK, J., HOOGERHEIDE, L., THURIK, R. Education and Entrepreneurial choice: an instrumental variables analysis. International Small Business. v.31, n.1, p. 23-33, 2013.

BOSMA, N., KELLY, D. 2018/2019 Global Report, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), 152 p. 2019. Available in: https://www.gemconsortium.org/report/gem-2018-2019-global-report. Accessed: 2020/05/31.

COELHO, F.J.M., MARQUES, C., LOUREIRO, A. AND RATTEN, V. Evaluation of the impact of an entrepreneurship training program in Recife, Brazil, Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, v. 10, n. 3, p. 472-488, 2018.

DOHSE, D., AND S. WALTER. 2012. Knowledge context and entrepreneurial intentions among students. Small Business Economics v. 39, n.4, p. 877–895, 2012.

DUTTA, D., LI, J., MERENDA, M. Fostering entrepreneurship: impact of specialization and diversity in education, International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, v. 7, p. 163–179, 2011.

ENDEAVOR BRAZIL, Empreendedorismo nas Universidades Brasileiras, 4ª Ed. 68 p. 2016. Available: https://endeavor.org.br/ambiente/pesquisa-universidades-empreendedorismo-2016/, Accessed: 04/02/2020.

ESCOBAR, J. J., GUTIÉRREZ, A.C.M. Social economy and the fourth sector, base and protagonist of social innovation, Revista de Economía Pública, Social y Cooperativa, n. 73, Special Issue, p. 33-60, 2011.

FARHANGMEHR, M.; GONÇALVES, P.; SARMENTO, M.; MCCRACKEN, M.; MATLAY, H. Predicting entrepreneurial motivation among university students: The role of entrepreneurship education, Education + Training, v. 58, n. 7/8, 2016.

FENTON, M., BARRY, A. Breathing space–graduate entrepreneurs perspectives of entrepreneurship education in higher education, Education+Training, v. 56 n. 8/9, p. 733-744, 2014.

FLORES, D. C., HOELTGEBAUM, M., SILVEIRA, A. O Ensino do Empreendedorismo nos Cursos de Pós-Graduação em Administração no Brasil, Revista de Negócios v. 13, n. 2, p. 93-104, 2008.

FRAGOSO, R., ROCHA-JUNIOR, W., XAVIER, A. Determinant factors of entrepreneurial intention among university students in Brazil and Portugal, Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, v.32, n.1, p. 33-57, 2020.

GARCIA, D.H., LELES, A.D. AND ROMANO, R.R. Program entrepreneurship and innovation: education as the core of innovation, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, v. 494, p.235–244, 2017.

INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATÍSTICA (IBGE). Pesquisa Nacional de Domicílios Contínua, 2019. Disponível em: https://agenciadenoticias.ibge.gov.br/agencia-sala-de-imprensa/2013-agencia-de-noticias/releases/24908-pnad-continua-taxa-de-desocupacao-e-de-12-3-e-taxa-de-subutilizacao-e-25-0-no-trimestre-encerrado-em-maio-de-2019. Acesso em: 15/06/2019.

JENA, R. K. Measuring the impact of business management student’s attitude towards entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention: a case study. Computers in Human Behavior, v. 10, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106275, 2020.

KURATKO, D. F. The emergence of entrepreneurship education: development, trends, and challenges. Entrepreneurhip: Theory and Practice v. 29, n.5, p. 577-598, 2005.

LAUKKANEN, M. Exploring alternative approaches in high-level entrepreneurship education: creating micromechanisms for endogenous regional growth, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, v. 12, n. 1, p. 25–47, 2000.

LEONARD-BARTON, D. A dual methodology for case studies: synergistic use of a longitudinal single site with replicated multiple sites. Organization Science, v. 1, n.1, p. 248-266, 1990.

LIMA, E.; LOPES, R. M.; NASSIF, V. e DA SILVA, D. Opportunities to Improve Entrepreneurship Education: Contributions Considering Brazilian Challenges. Journal of Small Business Management, v.53, n.4, p. 1033–1051, 2015

Lovell, P. A. Race, Gender and Regional Labor Market Inequalities in Brazil. Review of Social Economy, v.58, n. 3, p. 277–293, 2000.

MARQUES, H. R., OLIVEIRA, T.A.D., ANDRADE, D. M., ZAMBALDE, A. L. University entrepreneurship in Brazil: Panorama of the technological innovation centers of universities, World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, v. 15, n.2, p. 149-158, 2019.

MEREDITH, T. Building operations management theory through case and field research. Journal of Operations Management, v. 16, p. 441-454, 1998.

NDOFIREPI, T. M. Relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial goal intentions: psychological traits as mediators, Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, v. 9, n. 2, //doi.org/10.1186/s13731-020-0115-x, 2020.

NECK, H.; GREENE, P. Entrepreneurship Education: Known Worlds and New Frontiers, Journal of Small Business Management, v. 49, n. 1, p. 55-70, 2011.

RIDEOUT, E. C., GRAY, D. O. Does entrepreneurship education really work? A review and methodological critique of the empirical literature on the effects of university-based entrepreneurship education. Journal of Small Business Management, v. 51, n. 3, p. 329-351, 2013

SEBRAE, O Perfil do MEI 2019, 162 p. Available in: https://datasebrae.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/013_0319_APRE_MEI_v15_principais-resultados-inicio.pdf, 2019. Accessed in 31/05/2020.

SEVERO, E.A., BECKER, A., DE GUIMARÃES, J.C.F., ROTTA, C. The teaching of innovation and environmental sustainability and its relationship with entrepreneurship in Southern Brazil, International Journal of Innovation and Learning, v. 25, n. 1, p.78–105, 2019.

SHAEFER, R. Empreender como uma forma de ver, saber e fazer: o desenvolvimento da mentalidade e do comportamento empreendedor por meio da educação empreendedora. Tese (Doutorado em Administração), Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, RS, 281p. 2018.

SHANE, S., VENKATARAMAN, S. The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research, Academy of Management Review, v. 25 n. 1, p. 217-226, 2000.

SOLESVIK, M. Westhead, P., Matlay, H. Cultural factors and entrepreneurial intention. The role of entrepreneurship education. Education + Training, v. 56, n. 8/9, p. 680-696, 2014.

SOUITARIS, V., ZERBITANI, S., AL-LAHAM, A. Do entrepreneurship programmes raise entrepreneurial intention of science and engineering students? The effect of learning, inspiration and resources. Journal of Business Venturing v. 22, n. 4, p. 566-591, 2007.

SPYRTOU, A., LAVONEN, J., ZOUPIDIS, A., LOUKOMIES, A., PNEVMATIKOS, D., JUUTI, K., KARIOTOGLOU, P. Transferring a teaching learning sequence between two different educational contexts: the case of Greece and Finland, International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, v. 16, n. 3, p.443-463, 2018.

TAI, S. H. T; BAGOLIN, I. P. Regional differences in the gender earnings gap in Brazil: development, discrimination, and inequality. The Developing Economies v.57, n.1, p. 55–82, 2019.

VAMVAKA, V., STOFOROS, C., PALASKAS, T., BOTSARIS, C. (2020). Attitude toward entrepreneurship, perceived behavioral control, and entrepreneurial intention: dimensionality, structural relationships, and gender differences. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, v.9,n. 5, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13731-020-0112-0, 2020.

WALTER, S. G., DOHSE, D. Why mode and regional context matter for entrepreneurship education. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development: An International Journal, v.24, n.9-10, p.807-835, 2012.

YIN, R. K. Estudo de caso: planejamento e métodos. São Paulo: Artmed Editora S.A, 212 p., 2005.

ZHANG, Y., DUYESTERS, G., CLOODT, M. The role of entrepreneurship education as a predictor of university students’ entrepreneurial intention, International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, v. 10, p. 623-641, 2014.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15675/gepros.v15i3.2730

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Licença Creative Commons

Está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons - Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional

e-ISSN: 1984-2430
GEPROS. Gest. prod. oper. sist., Bauru, São Paulo-SP (Brasil).

Departamento de Engenharia de Produção da Faculdade de Engenharia da UNESP - Bauru

Av. Eng. Edmundo Carrijo Coube, n° 14-01 Fone: 55-14-3103-6122